After similar complaints by the country's regulator, Google now offers Android users a choice between Google, Yandex and Mail.ru as the default search engine the first time they use the Chrome browser.
The Commission decision concerns three specific types of contractual restrictions that Google has imposed on device manufacturers and mobile network operators.
The Android case originated when a lobbying group called FairSearch - with members then including huge tech companies like Microsoft, Nokia and Oracle - complained Google was unfairly tilting the field of competition. The Commission also found that Google prevented manufacturers wishing to pre-install Google apps from selling even a single smart mobile device running on alternative versions of Android that were not approved by Google. Margrethe Vestager, the EU Commissioner for Competition, says that stifles competition.
Vestager said that given the size of the company, the 4.34 billion euro fine is not disproportionate.
Ms Vestager previously fined Google €2.4bn ($2.8bn; £2.1bn) over a separate probe into its shopping comparison service - a ruling the tech firm is in the process of appealing against.
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US REALITY TV STAR Donald Trump has hit out at the European Union over the €4.34bn (£3.8bn) fine handed to Google for anticompetitive behaviour.
It represents over two weeks of revenue for Google parent Alphabet Inc. and would scarcely dent its cash reserves of $102.9 billion. Google has 90 days to change the agreements with mobile device manufacturers and pay the massive fines.
"The important thing is not to be distracted by the size of the fine". This is done by linking certain words in irrelevant web sites to artificially increase the words' ranking by Google. Currently, the free operating system installed on the vast majority of European smartphones. Apple is more effective at keeping competitors out: Its Safari browser holds nearly the same market share as its iOS operating system.
The EU wants to ensure that phone makers are free to pre-install apps of their choosing.
It's no secret that Google has been quietly working on Fuchsia, a new experimental operating system for tablets and phones. Its main rival in mobile systems, Apple, makes most of its money from the sale of devices. Samsung, a hugely popular maker of Android devices through its Galaxy line, could break off and take much of the Android system with it. Today's decision rejects the business model that supports Android, which has created more choice for everyone, not less.
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Lobbying group FairSearch, whose 2013 complaint triggered the European Union investigation and whose members at the time included competitors like Oracle Corp., Nokia Oyj and Microsoft Corp., also welcomed the ruling, saying it could help restore competition in mobile operating systems and apps.
In the States the focus is on real and obvious harm to consumers in the form of higher prices or less choice.
As technology's impact in modern life spreads, European regulators have set the pace in shaping rules for the industry. "They could these users to try their own services before they get completely hooked on Google".
A White House spokeswoman did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker will meet Trump in Washington D.C. on the trade issue next week.
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The EU sanction comes in the midst of a trade conflict between the United States and the EU, which has hit back against USA tariffs on European steel and aluminium by targeting $3.2 billion in American exports with higher duties.